What are Diabetes Types and Treatments?

A new pill for type 2 diabetes may help those, who have diabetes. However, some patients are in fear. Afroza Akhtar did not understand that he had diabetes for a long time. But for no reason, he was feeling dry, tired, and lethargic.

“I was feeling bad for a long time. Once I decided to go to a doctor for treatment. He also tested for diabetes along with some other tests. It was there that I was diagnosed with diabetes for a long time.

He was saying, after that, he started taking medicine after getting tested at the diabetes hospital.

She is not alone, according to diabetic experts; more than 50 percent of people with diabetes in Bangladesh do not realize that they have this disease.

Their disease was diagnosed while being tested for another disease.

According to Bangladesh Diabetic Society President Professor A. K. Azad Khan, more than 50% of people have diabetes.

This is why it is very important to raise awareness about diabetes.

A survey by the National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT) showed that the total number of people with diabetes in the country is 10 million.

Among them, the number of 18 to 34 years old is 2.6 lakh and the number of people above 35 years old is 8.4 lakh.

Mohammad Saifuddin, secretary general of the Bangladesh Diabetic Association, said in an interview with BBC Bangla, “Those who have a strong immune system do not understand that they are suffering from this disease at first. It is a slow killer. It will not put him in danger that day, but it will slowly destroy his body.”

According to experts, if diabetes is not treated for a long time, various problems can occur in the body.

The kidney, liver, and eyes may be damaged. Some say that diabetes can cause skin damage and even hair loss if not controlled. Other parts of the body can also suffer damage.

Mr. Saifuddin says, “Those who do more physical work, if someone walks at least 10,000 steps every day, even if he is diabetic, it will be under control. But how many do that?”

Experts say that 75 percent of type-2 diabetes can be prevented if you are careful in advance, exercise, and control your diet and lifestyle. But once you have diabetes there is no getting rid of this disease.

What are the Diabetes Symptoms?

  • Frequent urination and thirst
  • Feeling weak and dizzy
  • Increased appetite
  • Lack of eating and drinking on time can cause blood sugar to drop. As a result, blood sugar decreases and becomes hypo
  • Increased craving for sweets
  • Losing a lot of weight for no reason
  • Even if there is a wound or cut on the body, it does not heal for a long time
  • Dry, flaky, and itchy skin
  • Begin to see less in the eyes

What are the Diabetes Causes?

Normally, after consuming food, our body breaks down the sugars in the food into glucose. Insulin produced by the pancreas tells our body’s cells to take up glucose. This glucose acts as fuel or energy for the body.

But diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce insulin properly and as a result, sugar starts to accumulate in the blood.

But what causes diabetes? Generally, various habits of daily life are responsible for our diabetes.

Lack of exercise: Those who don’t exercise regularly may encounter type 2 diabetes.

Control: To control diabetes some regular activities must. Regular exercise is their master control. It helps to reduce weight. So blood sugar may be under control.

Stress: One of the causes of type 2 diabetes is excessive stress. Family complications and excessive work pressure increase blood sugar levels.

Control: Acquire stress management skills to effectively regulate diabetes. When facing high levels of stress, consider taking brief walks or engaging in regular deep breathing exercises.

Not enough sleep: If we don’t get enough sleep after our daily activities, diabetes increases. According to the National Sleep Foundation, lack of sleep increases blood sugar levels.

Control: To control diabetes, it is important to get adequate sleep regularly.

Overeating at night: Studies show that eating too much at night and going to bed soon after eating, increases blood sugar levels.

Control: One meal should not be full and should be eaten in small intervals.

Skipping Breakfast: Avoiding breakfast may be the cause of diabetes. Studies have shown that diabetics who skip breakfast have increased blood sugar levels.

Alternative Sweets: In 2014, the journal Nature published a study. Almost all zero-calorie sugar substitutes on the market contain added soda, which raises blood sugar levels even more, according to research.

Control: Avoid using substitute sugar or artificial sweeteners in tea or coffee instead of sugar.

Chinese food: Chinese food is high in fat, calories, sodium, and carbohydrates. Which increases the sugar level of the body much more. Especially orange, sweet, and sour foods are very harmful to diabetic patients.

Control: Avoid processed foods and drinks.

Doctors say that despite the high risk of diabetes, more than half of those suffering from this disease are not aware of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is more dangerous than type 1. A new pill for type 2 diabetes may help to increase sugar levels.

Diabetes Types

Nowadays diabetes is a well-known hormonal disease. Diabetes occurs for various reasons. If the amount of glucose in the blood increases in the human body, it is called diabetes.

Usually, the food we eat is processed in the body and converted into glucose, which supplies the hormone called insulin to the cells.

Cells break down sugars to provide energy that gives energy to the body. Today, diabetes is increasing day by day all over the world.

A person who has diabetes once caught or attacked is not free from this disease till death. People suffer from two types of diabetes. Two types of diabetes are very well known:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes Treatment

By treatment, we generally understand doctors, medicines, etc. But diabetes medicine does not mean only doctors and medicines. We have to do some activities beyond doctors and medicines. They are more effective than drugs.

Diet maintenance, exercise, or physical activity are recommended for diabetes control. Still, we need doctor’s advice to control diabetes.

Apart from various activities, they also suggest medicines. A parallel equation of medication, exercise, and diet is the best treatment for diabetes.

Best Medicine for Diabetes Without Side Effects

Most experts around the world recommend Metformin as the best diabetes drug. They think it is the safest medicine for type 2 diabetes.

Metformin has been used in the treatment of diabetes for many years so it is a drug free of side effects. This drug is most effective as a first-line drug for type 2 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommends this medication.

A new pill for type 2 diabetes is metformin. Though it has been used for many years many new companies are newly branded this medicine.

New Pill for Type 2 Diabetes

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Who is at Higher Risk?

People who have a family member or blood relative with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing diabetes.

Besides, those who do not do regular walking or physical exercise lead a lazy or uncontrolled life, and the risk of being affected by this disease is high.

Besides, women can get diabetes during pregnancy.

People with heart disease, high blood cholesterol, and high blood pressure are also at risk of developing this disease.

Children who are overweight, have parents, siblings, grandparents, or close relatives with diabetes, and whose mothers had diabetes during pregnancy, are at risk of developing diabetes.

What To Do?

Mohammad Saifuddin, secretary general of the Bangladesh Diabetic Association, says that those who are at risk must get tested for diabetes once a year.

To check your diabetes, first, you need not to go the hospital. You can test your diabetes from any pharmacy over the country in Bangladesh. If you have diabetes you must consult a specialised doctor.

Children whose close relatives have a history of diabetes should also be screened at least once a year.

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